POLA KETAHANAN (RESISTEN) DAN KEPEKAAN (SENSITIVITAS) KUMAN TERHADAP ANTIMIKROBA

Y F Tallulembang, Nurhayana Sennang, Benny Rusli

Abstract


In the developing countries including Indonesia, there still have problems with infectious diseases. Generally the hospitalized patients
in the Surgery section through have antimicrobial therapy. The treatment is intended to prevent nosocomial infection that usually found
in overnight treatment patients at the department of surgery. This study is carried out to know the pattern of micro-organism’s resistance
and sensitivity against various antimicrobial at department of surgery, Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital Makassar, January–June
2008. A descriptive study of retrospectively collective data was carried out on 160 specimens by sensitivity test at the department of
surgery, Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Makassar Hospital, started from January up to June 2008. The five common bacterial found in this
study where Staphylococcus epidermidis, Klebsiella pneumonia, Enterobacter agglomerans, Staphylococcus saprophytic and Escherichia
coli. The sensitive antimicrobial drugs found where Vancomicin, Sulbactam/Cepoperazone, Cefepim, Gentamicin, Ceftazidim, Novobiocin,
followed by the resistance antimicrobial were Methicillin, Tetracycline, Cefuroxim, Erythromycin, and Doxyciclin. The most bacterial type
found was Klebsiella pneumoniae, the most sensitive antimicrobial was Vancomicin and the most resistances were Methicillin.


Keywords


Microbe, Antimicrobial, sensitivity pattern, drug resistance

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24293/ijcpml.v16i2.958

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