RESISTENSI TERHADAP METHICILLIN (METHICILLIN RESISTANT) STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS DI INSTALASI RAWAT INAP

Wildana ., Nurhayana Sennang, Benny Rusli

Abstract


Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a major nosocomial pathogen worldwide. MRSA infection typically aggravates
the patient condition. MRSA infection increases morbidity and mortality. The study was aimed to find out the MRSA occurrence in
Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital Makassar patients during July 2008–June 2009. A retrospective study was performed using data
from the medical records including the results of culture and antimicrobial susceptibility test in Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital
Makassar. Among 1082 results of the culture test, 5.2% were identified as Staphylococcus aureus, consist of 51.8% MSSA (Methicillin
Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus) and 48.2% MRSA. Most of the MRSA patients were treated in orthopaedic surgery (30%), internal
(22%), and paediatric (19%) wards. Based on the clinical conditions, most of the patients were in post surgery care (44.4%), pneumonia
(18.5%), and diabetic foot (7.5%). All of the MRSA isolates were multiresistant (resistant to three or more antimicrobials) but 96%
remain sensitive to vancomycin. It was concluded that most of MRSA patients were staying in the orthopaedic surgery ward. Based on
this clinical condition, most of the patients were in the post surgery care. All of the MRSA isolates were multiresistant, but most of them
remain sensitive to vancomycin.


Keywords


Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, antimicrobial susceptibility test

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24293/ijcpml.v17i1.1047

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.